& Learning to Read
What is Reading Comprehension? - If you are like most parents, you have probably
forgotten that reading comprehension is a "learned skill".
Skills Pyramid illustrates a typical sequence for acquiring reading skills
for use by parents for homeschools and enrichment. The reading skills are organized
using the NCLB (No Child Left Behind) system.
Works?" Report found that the five key areas in learning to read are phonemic
awareness, phonics, comprehension,
vocabulary, and fluency.
to Read online with Time4Learning. It is a comprehensive educational enrichment
and entertainment service for children ages 3-11. It combines educational enrichment
with a safe internet service in a single system. Time4Learning is an advertisement-free
online service providing a mainstream prekindergarten through 3rd grade curriculum,
great games for kids, and progress reports for parents. Children like the lessons,
they love the playground. Parents love the convenience and effectiveness.
"My child reads but she
doesn't seem to really "get it"?"
Reading Skills Pyramid illustrates that there are many steps to becoming
a proficient reader. Generally, the skills can be split into two halves: one
half is word decoding which is made up of phonemic awareness
and phonics (discussed in a previous article). The other half is made up of
a set of skills that falls into three categories: vocabulary, comprehension,
The easiest of
these skills for most parents to understand is vocabulary.
To read effectively, children must achieve a familiarity with a large vocabulary
and have the skills to work around and to master new unknown words. These skills
include guessing at a new word's meaning based on its context, on its roots,
and on other clues. They include the habit of noting new useful words and techniques
to integrate the new words in a children's reading, spoken and written vocabulary.
comprehension skills separates the "passive" unskilled reader from
the "active" readers. Skilled readers don't just read, they interact with the
text. To help a beginning reader understand this concept, you might make them
privy to the dialogue readers have with themselves while reading.
Skilled readers, for instance:
- Predict what will happen next
in a story using clues presented in text
- Create questions about the main
idea, message, or plot of the text
- Monitor understanding of the
sequence, context, or characters
- Clarify parts of the text which
have confused them
- Connect the events in the text
to prior knowledge or experience
To give your child
a window into the self-monitoring that skilled readers engage in as they read,
demonstrate them while you read aloud with them. Periodically stop and ask questions
demonstrating one of the skills above. If you are reading a confusing passage,
stop and say, "I didn't understand that. Did you?" And after listening to their
interpretation, say: "Interesting, Let's check and read this part again." Reread
the passage and then discuss your new understanding.
these comprehension skills are taught and reinforced in a number of ways. There
are exercises which helps students understand how skilled readers approach,
read, and interpret text. They are designed both to increase the pleasure of
reading, their skills in reading, and to prepare them for the tests that will
punctuate their progress. To
learn more about Time4Learning or to sign-up for a membership.
Recommendation. Listening to audio
books on tape. in the car together provides a great opportunity for parents
to read and discuss literature with their children. You can both develop your
reading comprehension skills and use it to launch discussions of other questions
such as ethics, values, or psychology that are raised in the literature.
Software and on-line reading programs
can also provide great opportunities for children to follow along in the text
as the program reads aloud and for timed readings. Here is an example of a read-along
story used by Time4Reading. With Time4Learning, these fluency skills are
taught and reinforced in a number of ways. Start a trial
For more information on how the
reading skills are developed, look at the Time4Learning Reading Skills Pyramid.
For more information on the NCLB Reading
Key skills and dependencies
Phonics & Learning to Read
Phonics is a critical step in learning to read. Yet teaching phonics without children having phonological awareness and phonemic awareness or basic print concepts, will fail. The steps in learning to read include phonics as one of many critical steps. The Reading Skills Pyramid illustrates a typical sequence for acquiring reading skills for use by parents for homeschools and enrichment. The reading skills are organized using the NCLB (No Child Left Behind) system. See below for more details.
The Reading Skills Pyramid visually depicts the patterns of concept acquisition that children follow in becoming successful readers up through third grade. We recommend a high level of parent involvement in this process by providing high quality educational materials, establishing a pattern of daily reading, creating a rich language environment, and discussing your child's progress with teachers and following up on their recommendations. While most children follow the same sequence of acquiring literacy skills, they do so at their own pace. All children are different: if you have questions or concerns about your child's progress in reading, contact his or her teacher.
Time4Learning – www.Time4Learning.com – is a comprehensive educational enrichment and entertainment service for children ages 3-9. It combines educational enrichment with a safe internet service in a single system. Time4Learning is an advertisement-free online service providing a mainstream prekindergarten through 3rd grade curriculum, great games for kids, and progress reports for parents. Children like the lessons, they love the playground. Parents love the convenience and effectiveness.
The Reading Skills Pyramid and a range of educational and entertainment issues related to parenting in an electronic age are discussed in a FREE Weekly Newsletter.
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This Reading Skills Pyramid illustrates the analysis of skills and grade level targets determined by the U.S. Department of Education. Curriculum differs from state to state and many children will develop faster than these targets These norms represent average levels of reading achievement.